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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • This submission was not previously published and was not sent to editors of other journals.
  • Submission of the manuscript for publication is agreed with the head of the institution (department, faculty), based on which the study was conducted.
  • The survey results are not falsified.
  • The manuscript does not contain plagiarism.

Author Guidelines

Before you begin
Publication Ethics

Please see our information on Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

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Studies in humans and animals

Our policy is to ensure that the research described in the published articles meets moral and ethical principles and standards. To achieve this, we try to evaluate the ethical aspects of any submitted work in which humans or animals are involved.

All procedures describing experiments involving humans and animals should be carried out under the bioethics standards declared in the relevant laws:

The authors should conduct research in a way that ensures adequate steps have been taken to minimize harm to participants, to avoid coercion or exploitation, to protect the confidentiality, and to minimize the risk of physical and psychological harm.

The manuscript should clearly state that informed consent has been obtained from all people who have been the subject of research.

Research involving animals should be conducted taking into account the 3Rs principles:
"The 3Rs are a widely accepted ethical framework for conducting scientific experiments using animals humanely: Replacement — use of non-animal methods; Reduction — methods which reduce the number of animals used; Refinement — methods which improve animal welfare”.

Experimental studies carried out on humans or animals must necessarily be approved by the Ethics Committee (Commission) of the scientific institution on the basis of which the study was conducted. The note about it and no. of the minutes of the meeting should be specified in the manuscript. Legal and ethical approval must be obtained prior to the study.

The experimental procedure should be carefully described in the section "Materials and methods".

In case of impossibility of full observance of the specified norms, the author should justify the change of the Protocol, approve it by the local Committee on Bioethics and note the corresponding changes in the section "Materials and methods".

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Declaration of interest

When submitting a manuscript, the authors are responsible for disclosing all competing interests that are likely to appear to interfere their work (financial or private relationships with organizations, commercial companies, producers and distributors of medications, medical and laboratory facilities relevant to the article. All authors must disclose potential conflicts of interest that could be considered to bias the results or conclusions represented in the article.

The author must include the information on a conflict of interest at the end of the manuscript (prior the references) in the section ‘Information disclosure statement’ under the heading ‘Conflict of interest statement’. If any author has no a conflict of interest, you should state: ‘The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

More information on the web page Conflict of interest

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Role of the funding source

The authors should provide with the third-party financing of research work (grants, pensions, donations, medical entities supplying equipment, medications and/or other support contributing to research or writhing an article). It is important to describe in details the role of sponsors in study design; collection, analyzing and interpretation of the data; decision of results publication; preparing and correction of the article. If a sponsor did not participate, the authors should state it. If a research had no any funding, the article should include: ‘The research had no sponsor support’. Information about funding should be placed at the end of a manuscript (prior references) in the section ‘Information disclosure statement’ under the heading ‘Funding’.

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Privacy Statement

A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who partake in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted). These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors. However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to third parties that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct. Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal shall follow the appropriate COPE flowcharts wherever necessary.

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Materials are accepted by online submission system or e-mail

All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.

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In the academic environment, the priority is the authenticity and uniqueness of the works of the participants in the scientific process, since any scientific work should complement what has already been said, that is, bring intellectual benefit. Borrowed research results do not bring any scientific benefit and only harm science.

All submitted manuscripts are checked for plagiarism, duplication of publications and reuse of text using the Unicheck Plagiarism Service.

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Peer review

1. Manuscripts submitted by the editorial office are subject to mandatory peer review to ensure the quality control of scientific work.

2. The editor-in-chief determines the compliance of the manuscript with the journal profile and main requirements to the scientific content of the material and sends the manuscript for review to two independent experts (members of the editorial board and/or external reviewers), who are recognized as specialists in the subject matter of the reviewed material.

3. The peer review is double-blind: the identities of both the referees and the authors are kept anonymous. The manuscript is sent to reviewers without specifying the names.

4. Reviewing is confidential. Reviewers are informed that the manuscripts submitted to them are the property of the authors and contain confidential information. Breach of confidentiality is only permitted in cases of claiming plagiarism or falsification of materials, in other cases its keeping is obligatory.

5. The reviewer has the option to decline reviewing a manuscript, but he is obligated to promptly inform the editorial office of his refusal.

6. The maximum peer review period is 14 days. Correspondence between the editorial office and reviewers is carried out electronically with strict adherence to confidentiality requirements.

7. The peer review should be complete and substantiated, written in a polite and friendly manner with a mandatory conclusion in one of the following forms:

- "Recommended for publication";

- "Reject for revision";

- "Not recommended for publication".

8. If the review contains comments on the manuscript, it is sent to the author with a proposal to consider the expert's recommendations when revising the manuscript or refute them with arguments. The revised manuscript is sent for examination to the same reviewer. Author-reviewer communication occurs only through the editorial office, in electronic form, with strict observance to anonymity.

9. A manuscript that has received discrepant referee reviews may be sent for additional review or the issue of its publication may be considered by the editorial board.

10. If the manuscript receives two negative reviews, the editor-in-chief has the right to immediately reject the manuscript and not publish it.

11. The final decision on the publication of the article is made by the editor-in-chief.

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Article processing charges

The publication costs for Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal are covered by the Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, so authors do not need to pay an article-processing charge.

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Word processing software

The text of the manuscript should be written in Word in a single-column format. Keep the text layout as simple as possible. The type and size of the font should be uniform throughout the text. Optimal formatting elements are bold, italics, subscripts, and superscripts. Do not use the automatic word wrapping feature.
Please note that all figures, tables and graphic diagrams must be presented in the text of the manuscript using the "In line with text" option of the "Wrap text" function.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

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Manuscript language

Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal accepts manuscripts in Ukrainian or English.

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Manuscript types

• Review article

• Original article

• Case report

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Manuscript structure

Manuscript given for publication should consist of such parts:

Title of the article
Lower-case letters. NO CAPS.

First Name, initial for Middle Name, Last Name of the authors
If authors work in different units/departments of the same institution or in different institutions, their surnames are indicated by superscript¹.

Affiliation, city, country
If authors work in different units/departments of the same institution or in different institutions, place of job is indicated by superscript¹ corresponding to surname.

The text — up to 70,000 characters, structured in accordance with research reporting guidelines EQUATOR network.

Reference Guide see below References.

Summary in three languages (Ukrainian, Russian, English) structured as follows:
Surname and initials of the authors
If authors work in different units/departments of the same institution or in different institutions, their surnames are indicated by superscript¹
Unit/department and institution, city, country
If authors work in different units/departments of the same institution or in different institutions, their place of work is indicated by superscript¹ corresponding to surname.
Title of the article
Text — 1,800-2,500 characters structured as follows (for original research):
Materials and methods

The manuscript should be submitted as a single Microsoft Word file (.doc, .docx).

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Information about authors

Information about authors must be provided in three languages (Ukrainian, Russian, English):
Surname, name and patronymic in full of each author
e-mail of each author
ORCID of each author. Register here
Address of author’s affiliation (street, number, city, country, zip code)

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The list of applied statistical methods and programs for calculations should be given in “Materials and methods”. In the article, at the first mention of the method its name, the calculated indicator and significance should be given (chi-square χ2=1.86, p=0.172).
Average values are given as M±m: M — arithmetical mean, m — error of the mean.
In the text and tables significance of p should be given as p=..., not p<... .
The correlation coefficients are given just with p for instance (r=0.777; p=0.007).

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Should be made in Word. They are given in the text at their first reference.
When creating tables, use the "Add table" function instead of using tabs.

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Graphs and schemes

May be implemented in Word or any other program. Graphs and charts with captions are given in the text at their first reference. If graphs are not in Word, they should be given as separate files in their original format or as TIFF or JPG files (at least 700 pixels).

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Images and photos

Images and photos with captions are given in the text at their first reference and attached as separate files (TIFF or JPG files — at least 700 pixels).
In total not more than 10 illustrations are included. If more than 10 illustrations are needed, the issue will be solved individually, if in the opinion of the editorial board, they are of particular interest to readers.
Color images will be displayed in color online but in grayscale in the print edition.

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Measurements, terms, and diseases

Measurements are given as International System of Units (SI)
Terms are given according to the International Anatomical Nomenclature
Diseases are given according to International Classification of Diseases

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Credit the sources in order of your citing.

Give the references in square brackets.

It is preferred to have at least 50 % of references have been published over last 5 years.

Provide the citation of sources in Vancouver style [Guide] [Samples ].

The references should contain doi and PMID (if any, and PMCID), in the absence of them URL of the paper. The sources are preferred to be found in the Internet.

PubMed uses Vancouver style (with doi, PMID and PMCID). To extract article description correctly from this database find "Cite" button in the right of the article name on the page with sought paper. When you click on it, the "Citation Text" window will appear. In the lower right corner select Format: "NLM" and in the lower left corner click "Copy". This is your reference in Vancouver style with doi and PMID (PMCID).

If there is no doi in PubMed, search for it in CrossRef.

The references list should contain the surnames of all authors of cited source.

Avoid citing such types of sources as:
- Instructions for equipment and drugs;
- Scientific conference and symposium abstracts
- Dissertations, synopsis;
- Textbooks
If necessary mention this source in the text in parenthesis. Give the reference in Vancouver style.

If citing a scientific work in Cyrillic provide its bibliographies in the original language and in English (if there is English abstract) or Romanize them if there is no English abstract. Follow the title with the original language.

Romanize Cyrillic sources by BGN standards using automatic Romanizing systems:
- for Ukrainian
- for Russian

Samples for Cyrillic article submitting

With English abstract:

5. Ponomarenko SO. The role of ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of degenerative disk disease of the lumbar spine. Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Prosthetics. 2015;(2):70-75. Ukrainian. doi: 10.15674/0030-59872015270-75.
Пономаренко С.О. Роль ультразвукового дослідження в диференційній діагностиці остеохондрозу поперекового відділу хребта. Ортопедия, травматология и протезирование. 2015;(2):70-75. doi: 10.15674/0030-59872015270-75.

Without English abstract:

6. Gromashevskaya LL. «Srednie molekuly» kak odin iz pokazateley «metabolicheskoy intoksikatsii» v organizme. Laboratornaya diagnostika. 1997;(1):11-6. Russian.
Громашевская ЛЛ. «Средние молекулы» как один из показателей «метаболической интоксикации» в организме. Лабораторная диагностика. 1997;(1):11-6.

Samples of typical sources

Article in the journal with doi, PMID, PMCID
Shah SS, Goregaonkar AA, Goregaonkar AB. Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis of the Lumbar Spine in a Six-year-old Child: A Case Report. J Orthop Case Rep. 2017 Mar-Apr;7(2):40-43. doi: 10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.742. PMID: 28819600; PMCID: PMC5553834.

Article in the journal with doi and PMID
Van Zundert J, Van Boxem K, Joosten EA, Kessels A. Clinical trials in interventional pain management: optimizing chances for success? Pain. 2010 Dec;151(3):571-4. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.08.038. PMID: 20851522.

Article in the journal with URL only
Kurtz A. Chronic Osteomyelitis: Operation with Large Drill and High-Speed Motor. [Internet]. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1930;12(1):182-183 [cited 2015 Jul 14]. Available from:

Book with authors
Kim D, Sengupta D, Cammisa F, Yoon D, Fessler R. Dynamic Reconstruction Of The Spine. 2nd ed. New York: Thieme; 2015.

Book with editors
Bilyy VYa, editor. Viys'kova khirurhiya z khirurhiyeyu nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy. Ternopil: Ukrmedknyha; 2004. Ukrainian.

Chapter of a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Conference proceedings
Aziz T. Deep Brain Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain. In: Abstracts book of the VI Ukrainian Congress of Neurosurgery; 14-16 June 2017; Kharkiv, Ukraine. Kyiv (Ukraine): Ukrainian Association of Neurosurgeons; 2017. p. 159.

Sapon MA, inventor; Sapon MA, assignee. Device for cooling the human brain. Patent of Ukraine 101500. 2015 September 10.

Muravskiy AV. Traumatic brain injury in boxers (clinical features, diagnosis, prognosis) [dissertation]. Kiev (Ukraine): Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute; 2016.

Electronic source
Radiosurgery Practice Guideline Initiative: Stereotactic Radiosurgery For Patients With Pituitary Adenomas [Internet]. The IRSA (International RadioSurgery Association); 2004. [cited 2014 April 17]. Available from:

The manuscript with references format problems will be returned to the author to be improved.

The authors are responsible for accuracy and completeness of their references. If the source is not real or the link is dead the manuscript will be returned to be improved.

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