Diagnosis and treatment of cavernous malformations of the spine and spinal cord


  • Eugene Slynko Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev, Ukraine
  • Alexander Zolotoverkh Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev, Ukraine
  • Vadim Verbov Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev, Ukraine
  • Ruslan Pishanov Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev, Ukraine




cavernous malformation, surgical treatment


Introduction. This study was conducted in order to clarify structural features of cavernous malformations, to develop a technique for their surgical treatment and to analyze treatment outcomes.

Methods. In 36 patients with cavernous malformations of spine and spinal cord open surgical interventions have been performed, 52 patients received conservative treatment. Clinical signs, radiology data, results of surgical treatment, radiation treatment and medicines application were analyzed, as well as operative findings and histological studies data of removed malformation tissue.

Conclusion. The treatment tactic is determined by the existence and severity of spinal compression syndrome. If the syndrome is non-existent or has initial signs, radiation treatment is justified. Surgical intervention is indicated if it is necessary to eliminate radiculo-medullary compression.

In case of intradural extra- and intramedullar cavernous malformations open surgical intervention to remove the malformation is required.

Author Biographies

Eugene Slynko, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev

Spinal Pathology Department

Alexander Zolotoverkh, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev

Spinal Pathology Department

Vadim Verbov, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev

Spinal Pathology Department

Ruslan Pishanov, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kiev

Spinal Pathology Department


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How to Cite

Slynko, E., Zolotoverkh, A., Verbov, V., & Pishanov, R. (2012). Diagnosis and treatment of cavernous malformations of the spine and spinal cord. Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal, (1), 37–42. https://doi.org/10.25305/unj.57746



Original articles