Brain abscess: analysis of 242 clinical cases
Keywords:brain abscess, etiology, surgical treatment
Objective: To study the results of surgical treatment and etiopathogenic characteristics of brain abscesses.
Materials and methods: 242 cases of brain abscesses were analyzed. The age of patients ranged from 1 month to 74 years, the average age of 36,5±13,8. The ratio of male/female was 2.1 to 1.
Results: In the treatment of patients prevailed tactics of surgical treatment in combination with antibiotic therapy. Of the 242 patients operated on 233 (96.3%), not operated on — 9 (3.7%). Mortality in the group of operated patients was 55.6%. Postoperative mortality is 12,4%. The following types of surgical interventions: total removal — 48.5%, drainage of abscess — 34.3%, the puncture technique “by hand” — 6.4%, neuronavigation techniques — 9%, a combined method of treatment - 3%. Bacteriological examination of the contents of the abscess were carried out at all operated patients . Height was obtained in 58 (24.9%) cases.
Conclusions: To speed up the verification process of the pathogen need to use the entire range of laboratory techniques. The choice of surgical treatment must take into account the particular preferences of the neurosurgeon and operating equipment. According to our data, the most appropriate methods of surgical treatment were: stereotactic techniques and total removal of abscess.
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