Secondary hemorrhagic progression of contusion foci in patients with traumatic brain injury
Keywords:traumatic brain injury, brain contusion, secondary hemorrhagic progression of contusion foci, intracranial pressure, ischemic disorders
Introduction. Secondary posttraumatic changes of the brain often are determining in the clinical flow of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Prevention, detection and determination of treatment strategy at secondary hemorrhagic progression of contusion (SHPC) are very actual for neurotraumatology.
Materials and methods. The results of 110 injured persons with TBI were analyzed.
Results. It was found that SHPC occurs in 50% patients with TBI, as in areas of primary brain damage as in remote areas on the other side of the brain during 12 h ad also after 3–4 days. SHPC often is revealed in patients with subdural hematoma. The bigger contusion foci, the higher the probability of their progression and the need of surgical decompression.
Conclusions. SHPC is one of most important TBI complications associated with considerable risk of clinical deterioration and serious cause of morbidity and lethality. Treatment tactics depends on severity of volumetric effect on surrounding brain structures and manifestations of compression-dislocation syndrome.
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Copyright (c) 2014 Mykola Polishchuk, Oksana Goncharuk, Mykola Vyval, Sergey Komarnicki, Anton Shkiriak, Vitaliy Lebid
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