State Institution «Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» celebrates the 70th anniversary!




Neurosurgery Institute, anniversary, history


In 2020, State Institution “Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute of NAMS of Ukraine” occupies the glorious anniversary — 70 years since its foundation. By order of the Minister of Health of the USSR No. 439 of July 3, 1950, the structure and staffing of the Kyiv Research Institute of Neurosurgery were approved in the amount of 291 units. The regulations on the Institute were approved by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine on August 4, 1950.

Departments of Neuro-oncology, Acute Trauma of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System, Neurovascular Pathology, Restorative Neurosurgery and Pediatric Neurosurgery were established in the structure of the Institute.

The Neurosurgery Institute in different years was headed by: O.I. Arutiunov (1951–1964), A.P. Romodanov (1964–1993), Yu.P. Zozulia (1993–2013), E.G. Pedachenko (since February 2013).

Today, the Institute’s clinical base consists of 15 specialized departments with 361 beds, where up to 7,000 patients are treated annually. In the out-patient department, from 30,000 to 40,000 patients receive counseling every year. In 15 operating rooms, more than 5,000 operations of the highest complexity are performed per year. Comprehensive examination and treatment of patients are provided by the scientific and diagnostic departments and laboratories.

Currently, the Neurosurgery Institute staff amounts for 1,008 employees, including 38 doctors of medicine, 14 professors, and 80 candidates of sciences.

Currently, the State Institution “Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute of NAMS of Ukraine” occupies a leading position in the diagnosing and treatment of neurosurgical pathology in Ukraine. The Institute has established and operates scientific schools on neurotrauma, neuro-oncology, vascular pathology of the brain and spinal cord, minimally invasive spinal neurosurgery, neurotransplantation, and neuroimmunology, which are headed and developed by leading specialists of the Institute. Throughout the existence of the Institute, training of scientific personnel is constantly carried out.

The prospects for further development of the Neurosurgery Institute are intended in wide implementation of neuromodulation method, the development of gene therapy, the use of invasive electrophysiological studies and modern neuroimaging, the improvement and widespread adoption of endoscopic techniques in the neurosurgical practice, the development and implementation of methods of reconstructive neurosurgery and the treatment of chronic pain syndromes. It is extremely important for Ukraine to create a scientific and practical center for neurotrauma and a modern rehabilitation center on the basis of the Institute.

Author Biographies

Eugene G. Pedachenko, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kyiv


Leonid D. Pichkur, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kyiv

Scientific and Organizational Department

Vadym V. Biloshitsky , Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kyiv

Deputy Director

Valentyna A. Rudenko, Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute, Kyiv

Academic Secretary



How to Cite

Pedachenko, E. G., Pichkur, L. D., Biloshitsky , V. V., & Rudenko, V. A. (2020). State Institution «Romodanov Neurosurgery Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» celebrates the 70th anniversary!. Ukrainian Neurosurgical Journal, 26(3), 5–12.