Biophysical aspects of electromagnetic theory of human vision perception of light information in the visible range
Keywords:rhodopsin, CNS, photoelectric effect, femtosecond, 11-cis-retinal, inductance, capacitance, resistance, resonance, membrane
Objective. To propose an electromagnetic model for human recognition of light information received by a man in the visible range of light, which allows to prove its consistency strictly and based on the calculations made, as well as models of electronic circuits illustrating how simple connections between rods and cones can ensure its implementation, and construct a hypothesis about the transmission of converted information in real-time to the central nervous system on their basis. The goal also includes proposing a hypothesis for the volumetric perception of external information by the visual analyzer and the central nervous system.
Materials and methods. Mathematical modeling of data approximation in biology and medicine of numerical values of parameters according to experimental data, a set of formulas and equations that describe the properties of the object under study and allow establishing quantitative relationships between them.
Results. The model developed by the authors of electromagnetic perception of electromagnetic waves of the visible spectrum by human vision based on their resonant separation and amplification allows us to propose a solution to the theory of color vision. The given speed calculations based on the saltatory conduction of information from the nerve fiber explain the human subjective feeling of light almost instantly. The hypothesis proposed by the authors of a three-dimensional perception of the external world by a person needs an in-depth mathematical justification. Therefore, we can assume that this is another step in solving the problem of human perception of light information.
Conclusions. The electromagnetic theory of colour perception by the human visual analyser of light information has been constructed in contrast to the corpuscular. Calculations of the electrophysiological parameters of rhodopsin molecules included in the rods are presented, and, a model of resonant perception of electromagnetic oscillations for the visible range of light by the human eye has been developed on this basis. Calculations based on the developed model for converting information in the visible light range of the electromagnetic spectrum made it possible to more accurately determine the number of colour shades distinguishable by the human eye. A mathematical model describing the transmission of information about the spectrum and intensity of the electromagnetic signal of the visible range of the spectrum transformed by the eyes to the central nervous system has been proposed. The speed of information transmission along the optic nerve has been calculated. The hypothesis for the volumetric perception of external information by the visual analyzer and the central nervous system has been proposed. Practical application of the developed model can be devices allowing to restore vision, as well as devices for correcting vision function built on its basis.
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